March 30, 2020

The books of the Bible

The books of the bibleThe books of the Bible

The Bible is a set of 66 books inspired by God that serve as a guide for the life of every believer. More than 40 people wrote those books over nearly 1500 years, but they all tell the same story and have the same message. This is because the actual author of the Bible is God. And this is what makes the Bible unique compared to any other religious book.

Join me in this article as we explore together the books of the Bible

Old Testament

  • Genesis
  • Exodus
  • Leviticus
  • Numbers
  • Deuteronomy
  • Joshua
  • Judges
  • Ruth
  • 1 Samuel
  • 2 Samuel
  • 1 Kings
  • 2 Kings
  • 1 Chronicles
  • 2 Chronicles
  • Ezra
  • Nehemiah
  • Esther
  • Job
  • Psalms
  • The Proverbs
  • Ecclesiastes
  • Songs of Solomon
  • Isaiah
  • Jeremiah
  • Lamentation
  • Ezekiel
  • Daniel
  • Hosea
  • Joel
  • Amos
  • Obadiah
  • Jonah
  • Micah
  • Nahum
  • Habakkuk
  • Zephaniah
  • Haggai
  • Zechariah
  • Malachi

New Testament

  • Matthew
  • Mark
  • Luke
  • John
  • Acts of the Apostle
  • Romans
  • 1 Corinthians
  • 2 Corinthians
  • Galatians
  • Ephesians
  • Philippians
  • Colossians
  • 1 Thessalonians
  • 2 Thessalonians
  • 1 Timothy
  • 2 Timothy
  • Titus
  • Philemon
  • Hebrews
  • James
  • 1 Peter
  • 2 Peter
  • 1 John
  • 2 John
  • 3 John
  • Judas
  • Revelation

The order of the books of the Bible

The books of the Bible are categorized according to their gender (historical books, apostolic letters, etc.). The two main sections into which the Bible is divided are the Old Testament and the New Testament.

The reality is that the two Testaments relate to each other. The Old Testament tells the origin of humanity and its history before Jesus was born. Give specific prophecies regarding the people of Israel and Jesus.

The New Testament starts with the birth of Jesus. Talk about the fulfillment of some of the Old Testament prophecies, the birth of the Church, and end with prophecies about the end times.

The Old Testament

The Old Testament is known among the Jewish people as the Tanakh. The Old Testament of the evangelical Bible has 39 books. Start by telling the creation of the universe and the history of humanity. Talk about the people chosen by God and the covenant he made with them. It also contains specific words from God for the people of Israel through the prophets and some books of wisdom and poetry.

Pentateuch (or Torah ):

The first five books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) are known as the Pentateuch or “the five scrolls.” The Jews call these five books, the Torah or the law.

The author and when he wrote them: Historically, Moses is accepted as the author or compiler of the Pentateuch. It is believed that he wrote or reunited them between 1440 and 1400 BC

Genesis

Central theme: The word “genesis” means beginning or beginning, and that is the theme of the book. It tells the principle of all creation and humanity, of God’s relationship with everything created and that of man’s separation from God due to sin.

Other relevant topics :

  • The eternity of God and his infinite power.
  • Sin and its consequences: the separation it causes between man and God, and the steps God took to re-establish his friendship with humanity and redeem it.
  • The book shows how sin also affected  the relationship of human beings with each other
  • The great love of God for all humankind, and specifically, for his chosen people.
  • God’s covenant with the Israelites and the history of those people.

Exodus

Central theme: The oppression of the people of Israel in Egypt, their liberation, \and their exit or exodus to the promised Land.

Other relevant topics :

  • The great power of God over nature, over rulers, over history, and all humanity.
  • The ten commandments, other laws, and laws. The importance of discipline and obedience to God.
  • The contrast between God’s faithful and constant provision to the people of Israel and the human inclination to complain and murmur.
  • The holiness and zeal of God.

Levitical

Central theme: Laws and regulations for worship and praise in the tabernacle in addition to other laws for the daily living that the Israelites should obey.

Other relevant topics :

  • The holiness of God and the need for holiness or cleansing of man to be able to approach him.
  • Annual feasts to celebrate: Easter, the feast of the weeks, that of the trumpets, the day of atonement, and the feast of tabernacles.
  • Blessings for those who obey God’s commandments and curses for those who ignore them.

Numbers

Central theme: The censuses of the town while preparing for the journey to Canaan. Censuses would facilitate the assignment of tasks and the organization of defense against enemies.

Other relevant topics :

  • The severe consequences of rebellion and lack of faith. In the case of the people of Israel, they affected an entire generation that wandered through the desert for forty years and failed to enter the Promised Land.
  • The intense spiritual war in the heart of man that leads him to forget or ignore the blessings received from God.
  • The great power of God, his provision, and care for those who obey him and act with loyalty.

Deuteronomy

Central theme: In this book, the law is repeated. A copy of this is presented as a reminder to the new generation, the people who finally entered the Promised Land.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of remembering the law, the covenant, the history of the people, all the wonders that God had done for them, and the consequences of their sins.
  • The freedom of choice that God gives us, along with the blessings for obedience and the consequences of disobedience.
  • The book presents a collection of sermons or exhortations of Moses to the people and a recount of the final moments of Moses’ life.

Historical books:

Joshua

Author and when he wrote it: Although the book does not say it seems that Joshua himself wrote a good part of it. There was at least one other person who wrote the stories about Joshua’s death and some subsequent data. It is thought that the date of his writing was between 1400 and 1370 BC

Central theme: The leadership of Joshua, the successor of Moses, in the battles for the conquest of Canaan.

Other relevant topics :

  • The success that brings obedience to the divine plan.
  • The importance of good leadership of leaders who listen to God and follow his direction.
  • War, both physical and spiritual.

Judges

Author and when he wrote it: The author is unknown, but his authorship is traditionally attributed to the prophet Samuel. It is thought that the book was written around 1025 BC

Central theme: The life and personality of the judges, leaders of the people of Israel.

Other relevant topics :

  • The terrible consequences of sin: idolatry, war, and invasions.
  • The paternal heart of God. He allows the consequences of our sin, but he is always willing to forgive us and help us restore our relationship with him.
  • The inconstancy of the people and their disloyalty to God again and again.

Ruth

Author and when he wrote it: Tradition says it was the prophet, Samuel. The actual date the book was written is unknown, but it seems to have been between 1011 and 931 BC

Central theme: The story of Ruth, a woman from Moab, who decided to follow her mother-in-law to Bethlehem, where she settled. Ruth is part of the line of ancestors of Jesus.

Other relevant topics :

  • Love and faithfulness: from Ruth to her mother-in-law Naomi, from Boaz to Ruth and Naomi, and from God to them and their people.
  • The generosity, kindness, and care of others reflected in Boaz’s deal with Ruth and Naomi. These qualities are also seen in the way in which the needy were allowed to pick up spikes.
  • Boaz redeemed Ruth, the poor relative, as indicated by the law to be made. It is an example of what Jesus did for us.

1st Book of Samuel

Author and when he wrote it: The author is unknown, but it is thought that the same prophet Samuel wrote some parts, as did the prophet Nathan and Gad. The date of his writing may have been around the year 960 BC

Central theme: The book tells the stories of Samuel (the last of the judges), Saul, and David  the first kings of Israel.

Other relevant topics :

  • The rejection of the people to a theocracy (or government led by God) and their desire or demand to have a king like all other peoples.
  • The sovereignty of God seen both in the life of the main characters of the book (Samuel, Saul, and David), as in the history of the people of Israel, their wars, and their enemies.
  • The importance of good leadership, subject to the will of God.

2nd Book of Samuel

Author and when he wrote it: Samuel’s books were only one book at the beginning, so we don’t know the author of this book either. It is believed that Natán and Gad wrote some of the sections and the date of their writing might have been for the year 960 BC

Central theme: David’s reign.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of holiness and of obeying God at all times.
  • The terrible consequences of sin.
  • The power of repentance, God’s forgiveness, and restoration.

1st Book of the Kings

Author and when he wrote it: Originally, what we know as the two books of the Kings formed a single book. The author is unknown, although the Jewish tradition speaks of the prophet Jeremiah, there is no real consensus on this. What does seem apparent is the familiarity of its author with the book of Deuteronomy since, in the books of the Kings, a language similar to that of Deuteronomy is used. The date of writing seems to be between 560 and 540 BC

Central theme: Solomon’s reign.

Other relevant topics :

  • The blessings that wisdom brings.
  • The terrible consequences of turning our backs on God to follow other gods (idolatry).
  • The division of the kingdom of Israel.

2nd Book of the Kings

Author and when he wrote it: Originally, what we know as the two books of the Kings formed a single book. The author is unknown, although the Jewish tradition speaks of the prophet Jeremiah, there is no real consensus on this. What does seem apparent is the familiarity of its author with the book of Deuteronomy since, in the books of the Kings, a language similar to that of Deuteronomy is used. The date of writing seems to be between 560 and 540 BC

Central theme: The history of the divided kingdom (Israel and Judah).

Other relevant topics :

  • The enormous influence of kings or leaders on the people and the consequences of their morality or immorality.
  • The last days of the prophet Elijah and the ministry of the prophet Elisha.

1st Book of the Chronicles

Author and when he wrote it: Like the books of Samuel and those of the Kings, the two books of the Chronicles originally formed a single book. According to Jewish tradition, its author is Ezra, but this cannot be affirmed with certainty. The date on which it was written seems to be between 450 and 425 BC.

Central theme: The books of the Chronicles narrate themes parallel to those we see in the books of Samuel and those of the Kings. Most of the 1st book of the Chronicles focuses on David’s reign and the history of Judah.

Other relevant topics :

  • The genealogies The importance of each individual in the plan of God.
  • The priesthood and how people should worship and adore God.

2nd Book of the Chronicles

Author and when he wrote it: Like the books of Samuel and those of the Kings, the two books of the Chronicles originally formed a single book. According to Jewish tradition, its author is Ezra, but this cannot be affirmed with certainty. The date on which it was written seems to be between 450 and 425 BC.

Central theme: Account of the reign of Solomon and other kings – with all its virtues and defects.

Other relevant topics :

  • The spiritual decline of some kings and the people in general and their consequences.
  • The real desire of the good kings to guide the people towards their spiritual restoration.
  • The holiness of God, the power of his glory, and his presence.
  • The book ends by telling the beginning of the captivity of the people in Babylon.

Ezra

Author and when he wrote it: In the Hebrew manuscripts, the books of Ezra and Nehemiah appear as a single book. The authorship of Ezra is traditionally accepted, and it is thought that he wrote or compiled at least a large part of this book between 460 and 400 BC

Central theme: The end of exile in Babylon and the beginning of the return of the people of Israel.

Other relevant topics :

  • The reconstruction of the temple in Jerusalem.
  • The spiritual leadership of Ezra leading the people to repentance before God.
  • The importance of obeying the word of God.

Nehemiah

Author and when he wrote it: Originally, the book of Nehemiah and that of Ezra formed a single book. It is not known for sure who was the author of the book of Nehemiah, but it is believed that both Ezra and Nehemiah contributed to his writing or compilation between 445 and 420 BC

Central theme: The reconstruction of the walls and gates of Jerusalem that had been consumed by fire.

Other relevant topics :

  • The sovereignty of God even over kings and pagan peoples. Everything ends up working according to God’s plan.
  • Nehemiah’s zeal for rebuilding the walls and his perseverance even amid much opposition from the enemies.
  • The importance of always being prepared for battle.
  • The importance of holiness and obeying God’s commandments.

Esther

Author and when he wrote it: The author is unknown, but throughout the ages, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Mordecai have been considered as possible authors. The date the book was written could be between 460 and 331 BC

Central theme: The great liberation of the Jewish people (under the threat of extermination) through Queen Esther.

Other relevant topics :

  • Hatred and racial prejudice.
  • The great power of God to keep and preserve his people.
  • The sovereignty of God: how he puts a person in the right place to fulfill a mission at a specific time.

Books of wisdom and poetry:

Job

Author and when he wrote it: The author of the book is unknown, although it primarily consists of words spoken by Job, his friends, or God. This is why it is believed that Job himself could have written or contributed to his writing. It is thought that it may be the oldest book in the Bible, but it is not known for sure since the date would depend on who its author was.

Central theme: Job’s life, his sufferings, and the afflictions he went through.

Other relevant topics :

  • The sovereignty of God. Everything is under your domain, and nothing happens without your permission.
  • The spiritual battle, invisible but real. The desire of the devil to snatch the blessings that God gives us.
  • The importance of not losing faith and trust in God, in His love and goodness.

Psalms

Author and when he wrote it: The book of Psalms with its 150 chapters is the most extensive in the Bible. It is a magnificent collection of poems and songs or hymns that cover a wide variety of themes. It was used as a hymn book in Israel in ancient times.

The best-known author of the Psalms is King David, to whom the authorship of 73 Psalms is attributed. Other authors of Psalms were Solomon, Asaph, the sons of Korah and Moses, but there are some anonymous Psalms. It is not known who compiled them, but due to their diversity of authors it is believed that the book was written for an extended period covering several centuries, probably between 1440 and 586 BC

Central theme: Praise and worship of God for his attributes (who he is) and his immense goodness (what he has done and does for all of us).

Other relevant topics :

  • The sovereignty, magnificence, and power of God.
  • Our dependence on God.
  • Messianic Psalms (which speak of Christ, the Messiah).
  • The closeness of God and the response of the human being to his intervention and daily manifestation.

The Proverbs

Author and when he wrote it: Most of the Proverbs are from Solomon, written during his reign (from 971 to 931 BC). But there are also a few Proverbs that were written by Agur, by a group of wise men and by Lemuel.

Central theme : Wisdom: God as the principle of wisdom and our need to seek God and obtain the understanding that comes from him.

Other relevant topics :

  • Moral instructions for daily living, especially for young people.
  • The fear of the Lord.
  • Advice for everyone on a wide variety of topics and situations: marriage, friendship, finances, work, laziness, discipline.
  • Interpersonal relationships.

Ecclesiastes

Author and when he wrote it: The same book gives some clues that lead us to think that Solomon wrote it around the year 935 BC

Central theme: The search for the meaning of life.

Other relevant topics :

  • The vanity of everything we do or say by our strength and with our intelligence. The meaning of life is found only in God and with him.
  • Everything has its time, and time belongs to God. Everything is under his mandate.
  • None of the human pleasures will satisfy us. We find true satisfaction in God when we put our trust and faith in him.

Song of Songs

Author and when he wrote it: Solomon, according to Hebrew tradition, so there are people who call the book “The Songs of Solomon.” Precisely the book begins with the phrase “Song of Solomon’s songs.” It is thought that the book was written during the reign of Solomon between 940 and 960 BC

Central theme: Love in all its expression. The book is a great poem to love.

Other relevant topics :

  • How it should be and how we should express love within marriage.
  • How God wants us to love, affirm, and appreciate each other in marriage.
  • Many see the book as a symbolic representation of God’s great love for his Church.

The prophetic books:

Isaiah

Author and when he wrote it: Isaiah, between 740 and 680 BC

Central theme: The salvation that comes only from God.

Other relevant topics :

  • The first section of the book (chapters 1-39) contains many references to the captivity of the people of Judah and calls for repentance.
  • The holiness of God and the importance of the human being living in holiness.
  • Judgment and punishment for those who challenge God.
  • The Messiah: the book contains many prophecies about the Messiah, about his life, how he would suffer and die to achieve the redemption of humankind.

Jeremiah

Author and when he wrote it: Jeremiah, probably between 630 and 580 BC

Central theme: Urgent call to the people to repent of sins.

Other relevant topics :

  • The judgment that would come as a result of the sins of the people.
  • Jeremiah’s life, his call, his service to God, and all the pressure, contempt, and persecution he suffered.
  • The justice and goodness of God.

Lamentations of Jeremiah

Author and when he wrote it: By tradition, Jeremiah is considered the author of the book of Lamentations. The date of his writing may have been between the year 586 and 575 BC

Central theme: Expressions of sadness and regrets at the spiritual decline of Judah, the destruction of Jerusalem and exile.

Other relevant topics :

  • The consequences of sin and rebellion against God.
  • The goodness and mercies of God.

Ezekiel

Author and when he wrote it: Ezekiel, who wrote from captivity or exile in Babylon. The same book provides specific data and dates, so it is highly probable that it was written between 593 and 565 BC.

Central theme: The presence and sovereignty of God over everything and everyone.

Other relevant topics :

  • Ezekiel’s call, his preparation, and his ministry.
  • The different ways in which God reveals Himself to the human being.
  • The word of God and his will never fail; they are always fulfilled.
  • The judgments of God and his grace.

Daniel

Author and when he wrote it: Daniel, like Ezekiel, was in Babylon where he had been deported. He seems to have written the book between the years 540 and 530 BC

Central theme: The sovereignty and government of God are always above any human government.

Other relevant topics :

  • The life of Daniel and his three friends, faithful to God even in captivity. His exemplary life of obedience to God was known by all for his work in the service of the king.
  • The supremacy of God before the pagan gods.
  • The revelation of God and his will through dreams, visions, and signs.
  • Apocalyptic prophecies about the end times.

Hosea

Author and when he wrote it: Hosea, contemporary of Isaiah and Micah. According to Hosea 1: 1, he prophesied for an extended period that covered the reign of several kings. It is thought that the book was written between 755 and 725 BC

Central theme: The faithfulness and love of God for his unfaithful people, represented by Gomer, the unfaithful wife of the prophet.

Other relevant topics :

  • The apostasy or spiritual adultery of Israel over and over again.
  • The need for repentance.
  • The power of God’s forgiveness.

Joel

Author and when he wrote it: Joel, of whom very little is known, so it is difficult to give the exact date of his writing. The book was likely written between 835 and 800 BC

Central theme: The importance of national repentance (as a nation) and the blessings it brings.

Other relevant topics :

  • The judgment for sin (the plague of locusts, drought, the enemies of the people) along with calls for repentance.
  • The day of the Lord.
  • The outpouring of the SpiritSpirit at the end of time.

Amos

Author and when he wrote it: Amos, an ox shepherd, and sycamore cultivator. He may have written the book between the years 760 and 750 BC

The central theme: It is an announcement of God’s judgment against corruption and sin-guided life.

Other relevant topics :

  • The difference between the life of obedience to God and religious rituals to try to win his favor.
  • External prosperity is not a sign of a true-life before God.
  • God would restore the faithful remnant.

Obadiah

Author and when he wrote it: Obadiah, possibly between 848 and 840 BC

Main topic: Warning of the punishment that God would bring upon Edom for having rejoiced in the devastation of Israel.

Other relevant topics :

  • Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament. It has only one chapter and revolves around the central theme. The Edomites (descendants of Esau) were glad of the evil that had come against the Israelites (descendants of Jacob).
  • Pride and violence as a result of this.

Jonah

Author and when he wrote it: Jonah, probably between 793 and 758 BC

Central theme: The story of Jonah and his struggle regarding the missionary call he received from God to go to preach the message of repentance to Nineveh, the enemy people.

Other relevant topics :

  • Obedience/disobedience to God.
  • The justice and mercy of God.
  • The spiritual revival.

Micah

Author and when he wrote it: Micah, between 750 and 686 BC

Central theme: God’s judgment on the people for their rebellion and their idolatry, and the restoration that would come later.

Other relevant topics :

  • God hates sin but is glad to forgive the one who repents.
  • Future hope, the establishment of a just kingdom, and the coming of the Messiah.

Nahum

Author and when he wrote it: Nahum, probably between 663 and 612 BC

Central theme: The fall of the Assyrians and Nineveh after having returned to their wicked ways (even worse than during the time of Jonah).

Other relevant topics :

  • The destruction of Nineveh under the dominion of Babylon.
  • The reign and justice of God will prevail forever.

Habakkuk

Author and when he wrote it: Habakkuk, probably between 625 and 605 BC

Central theme: The mysteries of providence and its justice. Does God allow evil to go unpunished?

Other relevant topics :

  • Faith in God: the righteous will live by faith (Habakkuk 2: 4).
  • In the end, the justice of God is clear before the evil of man.

Zephaniah

Author and when he wrote it: Zephaniah, probably between 641 and 622 BC

Central theme: God’s judgments on all nations, the coming of the day of the Lord.

Other relevant topics :

  • God is fair.
  • The importance of repentance.

Haggai

Author and when he wrote it: Haggai, in 520 BC

Central theme: Claims for neglecting the reconstruction of the temple while striving to care for and decorate their own houses.

Other relevant topics :

  • The consequences of disobedience and the blessings that obedience brings to God.
  • God’s promises to those who are faithful to him. Here specifically, promises to Zerubbabel, who appears in the genealogy of Jesus.

Zechariah

Author and when he wrote it: Zechariah, contemporary of Haggai, in 520 BC

Central theme: Exhortation for the reconstruction of the temple and the desire of Zechariah for the people to awaken spiritually and depart from their sinful condition.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of repentance and obeying God.
  • The consequence of sin: punishment. Man is responsible for the decisions he makes and the results that those decisions bring.
  • Prophecies about the Messiah.

Malachi

Author and when he wrote it: Malachi, around 450 BC

Central theme: God’s faithfulness to Israel in the face of people’s infidelity to him.

Other relevant topics :

  • Warning to the people to return to God. Even the priests or religious leaders had become corrupted and were breaking God’s ordinances.
  • God is faithful and keeps his promises, but he expects and requires the obedience and faithfulness of his children.
  • God’s judgment and the great day of the Lord are closer.

The apocryphal books

The Catholic and Orthodox Bible include other books in the Old Testament known as the “apocryphal or deuterocanonical books.” The main reason why they do not appear in the evangelical Bible is that the early Church did not accept them as sacred books. This was because there was no certainty about his divine inspiration. Another reason is the lack of quotes in the New Testament about passages from those books even when hundreds of quotes from other Old Testament books appear.

Apocryphal or deuterocanonical books were added to the Catholic Bible after the Council of Trent in 1546 AD The names of those books are: Tobias, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, 1 Ezra, 2 Ezra, Ecclesiastical, Baruch, the Letter to Jeremiah, the Prayer of Manasseh, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees and extensions to the books of Esther and Daniel.

The inter-testamental period

Between the Old Testament and the New Testament, there were just over 400 years in which there was no prophecy from God. This is what is known as the “400 years of silence.” These are the years that passed from the days of Malachi until the ministry of John the Baptist began.

During those years, the fulfillment of some of Daniel’s prophecies was seen. It was years of many changes in political and social agitation that profoundly affected the Hebrew people. They were ready and eager to see the arrival of the Messiah!

The new Testament

The New Testament is made up of 27 books divided into four sections. The first is that of the Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Then comes a historical book, the book of the Acts of the Apostles, that tells the birth of the early Church and the ministry of the apostles.

The third section contains the Apostolic Letters. First are the letters that Paul sent to several churches or people (from Romans to Philemon). Then come general letters written by other apostles (from Hebrews to Judas). The last book of the New Testament is Revelation, a prophetic book about the end times.

The Gospels:

Matthew

Author and when he wrote it: Traditionally, his authorship is awarded to Matthew (Levi) one of the 12 apostles. The year of his writing seems to have been between 50 and 65 AD

Parent topic: Affirm that Jesus was the expected Messiah. Matthew makes many references to Old Testament prophecies and the fulfillment of them in Jesus to show the Jewish people that Jesus was the King of Kings, Son of David, God incarnate.

Other relevant topics :

  • The life of Jesus, especially his speeches and teachings (the Sermon on the Mount with the Beatitudes, a series of parables about the kingdom, Our Father, etc.).
  • The miraculous power of Jesus over sickness and death.
  • The resurrection of Jesus and the great commission.

frames

Author and when he wrote it: Marcos (Juan Marcos, spiritual son of Peter), probably between 55 and 65 AD

Central theme: Jesus, the king servant – servant of God and men.

Other relevant topics :

  • The miracles of Jesus as a testimony of his divinity.
  • The example of Jesus as a suffering servant willing to give his life for all of us.
  • The resurrection of Jesus

Luke

Author and when he wrote it: The evidence suggests that the author was Lucas, a Greek physician friend and travel companion of Paul. He probably wrote the book between 60 and 65 AD

Central theme: Jesus, the Son of Man, rejected by the Jews, offers salvation to all (Jews, Greeks, and Gentiles), the universal grace of God.

Other relevant topics :

  • The ministry of Jesus among the neediest.
  • The sentence; includes several prayers of Jesus.
  • The value that Jesus gave to women in their life and ministry and the importance of women in society in general.

John

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle John, “the beloved disciple.” On the date of writing, there is no unanimous decision. There is a group of scholars who consider the 60s AD as the most likely date while another group leans more towards the end of the 90s AD

Central theme: The Word made flesh. God revealed to humanity in the person of Jesus Christ

Other relevant topics :

  • Jesus, the Savior through which we can go from death to eternal life. The book presents the deity and eternity of Jesus in an obvious way.
  • The “I am” of Jesus.
  • The importance of faith.
  • The humiliation that Jesus suffered and his triumph over death.

The history of the early Church:

The acts of the Apostles

Author and when he wrote it: Luke, author of the Gospel that bears his name. He was a Greek doctor friend and travel companion of Paul. It is believed that he wrote the book between 62 and 70 AD

The central theme: It is a bridge between the life, ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus and the birth of the Church.

Other relevant topics :

  • The expansion of the early Church from Jerusalem to Judea, Samaria, and the last of the earth. The birth of the missions.
  • The power of the Holy Spirit empowers and guides the Church in its mission of bringing the Gospel to all nations.
  • The first Christian martyr: Esteban. The persecution of the Church.
  • The ministry of Peter, Paul, and other apostles.

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Pastoral or apostolic letters (epistles):

Romans

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul probably in the year 56 or the year 57 AD

Central theme: Salvation and justification through faith in Jesus.

Other relevant topics :

  • The fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith: salvation, the grace of God, the justice of God, our sanctification through Jesus.
  • How sin separates us from God. The impossibility of man being able to save himself.
  • The importance of the work of the Holy Spirit in the life of the Christian.
  • Romans 8:28, everything works for good

1st Corinthians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul, probably during his third missionary journey between 53 and 55 AD

Central theme: Exhortation to the Church in Corinth to remain pure against the corrupt and immoral practices of the society that surrounded it. Those practices were affecting and polluting the Church. Paul instructs them on how to deal with immorality within the Church.

Other relevant topics :

  • Call to holiness and unity in the Church.
  • Paul’s answers to questions he had received from the brothers there in Corinth on issues such as marriage, disputes in the courts, and whether they could eat what was sacrificed to idols.
  • True worship, the excellent use of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, and the importance of love.
  • The importance of good testimony and that Jesus is the leader in everything we do.

2nd Corinthians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul between 55 and 56 AD

Central theme: Paul expresses relief and joy at the positive result of his first letter. The Church in Corinth had improved on the issues he had addressed in that letter.

Other relevant topics :

  • Paul vindicates his apostolate to some accusations and, at the same time, takes the opportunity to affirm his love for the Church in Corinth.
  • It condemns false teachers and calls to remain in the truth.
  • The power of God before the weaknesses of Paul and the human being in general.

Galatians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul. It is not known from where he sent the letter, and so it is not known precisely the date he wrote it, but it seems to have been between the year 51 and 60 AD

Central theme: Justification through faith. The grace of God

Other relevant topics :

  • Warnings against legalism and against false prophets who appealed to justification by law.
  • Paul claims his apostolate.
  • The fight between the flesh and the SpiritSpirit.
  • The transforming work of the Holy Spirit in the believer.

Ephesians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul between 60 and 63 AD

Central theme: The importance of unity in the Church.

Other relevant topics :

  • We have been reconciled to God through Jesus. Salvation through faith in Jesus.
  • How our life in Christ should be.
  • How we should treat other people
  • The armor of the Christian.

Philippians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul since his imprisonment in Rome, between 60 and 64 AD

Central theme: The joy that the Lord gives us, and that sustains us in the midst of any circumstance.

Other relevant topics :

  • Paul thanks the Philippian Church for an offering and takes the opportunity to express his love and appreciation for them.
  • He presents Jesus Christ as the best example to follow for his humility and joy, even in the midst of suffering.
  • The importance of knowing Jesus and his redemptive work.

Colossians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul from jail in Rome and probably during (or near) AD 60

Central theme: Exhort and teach the Colossian Christians about the doctrinal errors and heresies that were emerging in the Church there.

Other relevant topics :

  • Christ as head of the Church and the only one worthy of our worship.
  • The identity and goal of the Christian, how he should glorify God in every area and aspect of his life.

1st Thessalonians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul in 50 or 51 AD

Central theme: Paul founded the Church in Thessaloniki, but had to leave there very soon due to the persecution. The Church was quite young and varied, so disputes and doubts arose about the second coming of Christ. The letter emphasizes the hope of Jesus’ second coming.

Other relevant topics :

  • Exhortation to stand firm in the midst of persecution.
  • The importance of holiness.

2nd Thessalonians

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul shortly after writing the first letter to the Thessalonians.

Central theme: In this letter, Paul clarifies some doubts that had arisen about Jesus’ second coming in reaction to his first letter. Encourage the Church to continue working for the Lord until he returns.

Other relevant topics :

  • Announcement about some events that will happen before the coming of Christ.
  • We are called to stand firm and turn away from sin.
  • Call to prayer.

1st Timothy

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul probably between 62 and 65 AD

Main topic: Advice for Timothy as pastor of the Church in Ephesus. Paul writes the letter to encourage his disciple and son in the faith and advise him in his pastoral work.

Other relevant topics :

  • How to deal with legalism and false teachers within the Church.
  • The importance of prayer and life centered on Jesus and his example.
  • How church leaders should be. The importance of humility and service to others.
  • Predictions about apostasy.

2nd Timothy

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul from prison and shortly before his death, probably in 67 AD

Central theme: Paul knew his death was approaching and wrote a tender letter to Timothy, his spiritual son. I wanted to encourage him to come to visit him and also give him instructions and inspiration in his pastoral work and his service to the Lord.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of persevering in faith even in times of hard persecution.
  • The importance of preparing to face heresy, apostasy, and social corruption.
  • The power of the Scriptures, the Word of God.

Titus

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul after his first imprisonment in Rome, probably between AD 63 and 66

Central theme: Advice and exhortations to Titus, another spiritual son of Paul, regarding the pastorate and the Christian ministry in general. Paul had commissioned the churches of Crete under the care of Titus.

Other relevant topics :

  • The qualities to look for in church leaders; Spirit-led leadership.
  • The pious behavior that must be evident in the followers of Jesus.
  • The good works product of our salvation.

Read also: The integral Mission of the Church

Philemon

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Paul from jail in Rome, probably in 60 AD

Central theme: Paul’s request to Philemon to receive as a brother in Christ and forgive Onesimus, a slave who had escaped from his house and was now a disciple of Jesus.

Other relevant topics :

  • The letter is very short but emphasizes the change that had occurred in Onesimus. The transformation that comes from accepting Jesus as Savior.
  • The equality between the brothers.

Hebrews

Author and when he wrote it: There is no certainty about its author, so it is considered an anonymous book. It seems to have been written between 65 and 70 AD

Central theme: Christ above all things; the superiority of Christ and faith in him.

Other relevant topics :

  • The preeminence of Christ and his priesthood. Christ as the High Priest and the only mediator between God and men.
  • Warnings to Jewish Christians not to abandon the doctrine of salvation by grace.
  • The struggles of the Christian against sin and temptation. The importance of persevering in faith.
  • Faith, the heroes of faith.

James

Author and when he wrote it: It is believed that the author was James, also known as Jacob, half brother of Jesus. The date seems to have been between 45 and 50 AD

Central theme: The book offers a practical guide to living our faith in Jesus day by day. Emphasize the importance of putting love into practice and of living according to the Lord’s commands.

Other relevant topics :

  • Rejection of bias, hypocrisy, and conflicts.
  • The importance of helping those in need.
  • The power of the word (language) and the importance of self-control, of examining and controlling what we say.

1st Peter

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Peter possibly between 60 and 65 AD

Central theme: It is a letter of encouragement and exhortation to the churches of Asia. Peter wanted to strengthen them in their faith and instruct them in the teachings of Jesus and his grace.

Other relevant topics :

  • Courage and hope in times of persecution. They had the protection of God’s power.
  • The hope of eternal life.
  • The duties of the Christian in different fields.

2nd Peter

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle Peter almost at the end of his life. Probably between the year 65 and 68 AD

Parent topic: Warnings against false teachers and corrupt people who had infiltrated the Church.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of persevering in the faith and of standing firm in the hope we have in Jesus.
  • The promise of the coming of the Lord.

1st John

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle John, the beloved disciple, between 85 and 95 AD

Central theme: John expresses in the same letter the purposes of this: to rejoice along with them, to warn them not to sin and not to be deceived by false teachers, and remind them that they had eternal life.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of walking in the light and obeying God’s commandments.
  • God’s love; God is love.
  • The certainty of salvation.

Read also: The 3 Pillars of a True Church

2nd John

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle John between AD 85 and 95

Central theme: John warns his friends and the Church against heresy and false teachers (deceivers). The letter is addressed to “the chosen lady,” which has led to speculation, whether it was for a specific person or the local Church.

Other relevant topics :

  • The importance of discernment.
  • The importance of love and of remaining in obedience to God.

3rd John

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle John between AD 85 and 95

Central theme: Letter of congratulation to Gaius for his ministry and his faithfulness in the service to God and the Church, especially to some brothers who were passing by carrying the Gospel.

Other relevant topics :

  • Hospitality and Christian service.
  • Warning against Diiótrefes, a brother focused on himself and with much desire to control and accuse others.
  • Exhortation to goodness and to follow the example of Christians with good testimony, such as Demetrio.

Jude

Author and when he wrote it: Judas, brother of Jacobo and half brother of Jesus. He may have written the book between AD 65 and 80

Parent topic: Warnings to the Church against immorality and false teachers.

Other relevant topics :

  • The consequences of immorality. It makes references to Sodom and Gomorrah and the punishment suffered by them.
  • The fight between good and evil.
  • The difference between grace and debauchery.
  • The apostasy at the end of time.

Prophetic book:

Revelation

Author and when he wrote it: The apostle John from exile on the island of Patmos. He must have written the book between AD 90 and 95. However, the same apostle points out in verse 1 of Revelation 1 that the book is “the revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what without delay. It has to happen.

Central theme: The book of Revelation presents the revelation of things to come both shortly and at the end of time.

Other relevant topics :

  • The sovereignty of God over history.
  • Jesus’ victory over evil: he already defeated the devil.
  • Letters to seven churches in Asia.
  • Signs of the end times.
  • Perseverance in the midst of persecution.
  • The second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Which of these wonderful books of the Bible do you love reading the most? We will love to hear from you through the comment box.

3 thoughts on “The books of the Bible

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